Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, fomer Secretary General of UN passed away
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar was a Peruvian politician and diplomat, a country in South America. Javier Pérez de Cuéllar was the 5th Secretary General of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O) from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991 for two terms of ten years who died on 4th March 2020 in Peru at the age of 100. Javier Pérez de was born in Lima, the capital of Peru, on January 19, 1920. He was the son of a prosperous businessman whose ancestors had migrated from Spain to South American in the 16th century. His father died when he was only 4 years old. He studied in Colegio San Agustin, and then at Pontifical Catholic University of Peru. He ran unsuccessfully against President Alberto Fujimori for Presidency of Peru 1995 and following President Fujimori’s resignation over corruption charges, he was Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Peru from November 2000 until July 2001. In September 2004, he stepped down from his position as Peru’s Ambassador to France, where he formerly resided. Javier Pérez de Cuéllar was also a member of the Club of Madrid, a group of more than 100 former Presidents and Prime Ministers of democratic countries, which works to strengthen democracy worldwide. At the age of 100 years, 45 days, Pérez de Cuéllar was both the oldest living former Peruvian prime minister as well as successful Secretary General of the United Nations, until he died on March 4, 2020.
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar achieved many things in order to uphold peace and prosperity globally. During his two terms of ten years as Secretary General of the United Nations, from 1982 through 1991, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar successfully helped end a 10-year war between Iran and Iraq; helped secure the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan; wound down conflicts in Cambodia, El Salvador and Nicaragua and shepherded Namibia to independence from South Africa. The United Nations peacekeepers during his tenure won the 1988 Nobel Peace Prize for peacekeeping work in Mozambique and Angola in the continent of Africa. And when he stepped down in 1991 as Secretary General of the United Nations, he was showered with many International awards and honors. Javier Pérez de Cuéllar was bestowed with an honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. President François Mitterrand of France awarded him France’s Legion of Honor. Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush gave him America’s highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, praising him for presiding over a “rebirth” of the United Nations as Secretary General. He received the Jawaharlal Nehru award from the Government of India. In a statement on Wednesday, the 4th March, the current secretary general of the United Nations, António Guterres, called Mr. Pérez de Cuéllar “an accomplished statesman, a committed diplomat and a personal inspiration who left a profound impact on the United Nations and our world.” With love and respect, we pay our glowing tribute to Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, the 5th Secretary General of the United Nations for his many accomplishments.
Source: The New York Times and Wikipedia
Writer, columnist and advisor to CBNA | Montreal, Canada, 5th March 2020